Brig. Gen. Zollicoffer sends out a proclamation to the state of Kentucky explaining that his continuing presence in Kentucky is not to invade them but to protect them from incursions by abolitionists and other “Northern hordes.”


Skirmishes at Lytle’s Creek on Manchester Pike; and on Shelbyville Pike. Correspondents from Murfreesboro report that all blacks found in service to the Union Army are immediately shot by Confederate troops. One writer mentions seeing 20 bodies of murdered African Americans lying along Murfreesboro Pike. [New York Times.]


Skirmish at Lawrence’s Mill.

13th USCT Regiment (reenactors). Taken at Bradley Academy in 2004.