“Bull” Nelson enters Nashville, Tennessee, first Confederate state capital to fall into Union hands. The Confederate flag is lowered from the Tennessee Capitol as Don Carlos Buell accepts the city’s surrender. The occupation of Nashville begins. Nathan Bedford Forrest provides a rear guard for Hardee’s Army of Central Kentucky as it withdraws to Alabama.
Tennessee Historical Marker, 3A 34, Nashville in Davidson County, Tennessee,Tennessee State Capitol
Designed by William Strickland, noted Philadelphia architect who also designed the tower of Independence Hall. Construction was commenced in 1845 and completed 1859. Strickland died in 1854 and is entombed in the north portico. His son Francis, supervised construction from 1854 to 1857. Slaves and convicts quarried and transported limestone for the Capitol, which was used as a fortress during the Civil War. President and Mrs. James K. Polk are buried on the east lawn.
Confederate Gen. Van Dorn establishes cavalry headquarters at Spring Hill. His command includes Forrest’s brigade.