1861

The response to Lincoln’s Inaugural Address comes in from around the country. From Knoxville: “Mr. Lincoln’s Inaugural, if reported correctly, is universally condemned. Tennessee will fight him to the bitter end.” From Nashville: “The opinions on the Inaugural at Nashville are unfavorable. It is believed that Mr. Lincoln is determined to retake the forts and forcibly collect the revenue . . . . The people are awaiting the document in full.” To the Congress of the C.S.A., meeting in Montgomery, “Mr. Lincoln’s Inaugural Address is regarded here as a virtual declaration of war against the seceded States.”

1862

The president of the Bank of Tennessee writes the General Assembly (now exiled in Memphis) concerning wartime removal of records and cash. Having anticipated the invasion of Tennessee and recognizing the vulnerability of Nash- ville, he has relocated the bank to Chattanooga. In a year the bank will move its holdings to Georgia, South Carolina, and back to Georgia before they are finally seized by the Federal Army in 1865. The Bank will be closed in 1869. [RG 47, B8, F21]

1863

Skirmishes at and near Chapel Hill, Unionville, Spring Hill, Thompson’s Station. At Unionville, the 17th Pennsylvania and the 4th Michigan Cavalry attack Russell’s cavalry; the Confederates lose 50 killed and 180 wounded, all by saber strokes; 58 are taken prisoner. At Spring Hill Confederate Cavalry under Earl Van Dorn and Nathan Bedford Forrest drive Union Cavalry off on the 4th, then surround and engage the remaining infantry. After heavy fighting on the 5th, the Union garrison surrenders. The Confederate victory disrupts Phil Sheridan’s move against Columbia.

1864

Skirmish at Panther Springs – a total of 40 soldiers on both sides were killed or wounded, and 22 Federal soldiers were taken prisoner. County elections are held, as ordered by Gov. Johnson – 261 of the typical 700 votes are cast in Knoxville, and 100 of 179 in Sevier County. No other counties have reported yet.

1865

Skirmish at Tazewell.

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