The Confederate States of America – at this time consisting of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas – adopts a Constitution. Louisiana and most of the other states quickly decide not to submit the acceptance of the Constitution to a popular vote, primarily because, in every state where secession has been submitted to a popular vote, it has been voted down. The Confederate Congress quickly passes a military bill establishing and organizing its army: 50,000 men will soon be ready to take the field.


A skirmish takes place near Paris.


Van Dorn withdraws in the face of a superior U.S. force, but stops their advance at the Duck River.



Skirmishes on Calfkiller Creek, including operations around Sparta.