Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President of the Confederacy, gives a speech in Savannah declaring slavery to be the natural condition of blacks and the “cornerstone of the Confederacy.” He also calls the secessions “one of the greatest revolutions in the annals of the world … signally marked, up to this time, by the fact of its having been accomplished without the loss of a single drop of blood.” The speech raises both Northern and Southern hackles and causes a brief falling out with Jefferson Davis. The C.S.A Postmaster makes a selection of postage stamps.



U.S. Forces begin reconnaissance against Cumberland Gap; skirmish there.


Skirmishes at Salem and Triune.


Skirmish at Reynoldsburg.


General Schofield’s troops occupy Goldsboro, North Carolina; Sherman’s left is near Bentonville, and his right is moving into Mount Olive.