> 4th KY Cav (US) soldier writes April 9th, 1862, from Nashville


Skirmish near Obion River.


A correspondent for the Philadelphia Inquirer writes from Knoxville: “The rebels are committing the most unheard-of depredations, robbing everybody of horses and the necessaries of life …. Men, women and children are ragged and dirty, and half-starved. The people of East Tennessee cannot possibly live through the Summer, as there is nothing to eat … I cannot select language to describe the distress and ruin which daily presents itself.”

Forrest’s men begin to work their way from Kentucky back toward Memphis. Some reports say they are being reinforced by part of Lee’s cavalry.


Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House, VA. Grant’s terms are surprisingly liberal: “Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate…; the officers to give their individual paroles not to take arms against the Government of the United States…, and each company or regimental commander sign a like parole for the men of their commands; the arms, artillery, and public property to be packed and stacked and turned over to the officers appointed by me to receive them; this will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage; this done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes, not to be disturbed by United States authority so long as they observe their parole and the laws in force where they reside.” It is learned over the next several days that the Confederate Army might have surrendered sooner but for the mistaken belief that all their prominent officers would be executed as traitors. The generous conditions of surrender as outlined by Grant are unexpected and undoubtedly have a strong influence on the opening of negotiations between Sherman and Johnston over the next several days.