Tennessee Governor Isham Harris notifies Secretary of War Cameron that the state will not honor President Lincoln’s demand for two regiments of Tennessee Militia. Kentucky likewise refuses to send troops to Washington.

A Memphis letter to the editor tells of Miss Mary L. Bayless, “An exemplification of the true Southern woman,” who turned over her bracelet to Col. Preston Smith of the 154th Regiment of TN Volunteers, saying, “I call upon the young ladies of Memphis to spare one bracelet, or other piece of jewelry, for the benefit of the noble 154th.” [Brock, p. 3]

A letter to a newspaper editor from “Ladies of Memphis” vows, “Though we cannot bear arms, yet our hearts are with you, and our hands are at your service to make clothing, flags, or anything that a patriotic woman can do for the Southern men & Southern independence.” Women’s groups form sewing circles to make flags, uniforms, and bandages, under such names as “the Methodist Episcopal Church’s Ladies Military Sewing Society.” Newspapers even print lists of recommended items for volunteers to make. [Brock, pp. 3-11.]


Capture of Union refugees near Woodson’s Gap.

Series of skirmishes near Monterey.


The Knoxville-Greeneville Convention adjourns sine die, “the delegates evidently being well satisfied of their inability to determine for themselves the grave questions affecting the welfare of the people of East Tennessee.” [NYT]