You are currently browsing the monthly archive for June 2011.

1862

Affair at Powell River; skirmish at Rising Sun.

1863

Skirmish at Butler’s Mill.

1863

Skirmishes near Lexington, Hillsborough, and Decherd.

June 29-30

Skirmishes near Tullahoma as Bragg’s army abandons Shelbyville and retreats toward Chattanooga.

Tennessee Historical Marker, 3G 22, Shelbyville in Bedford County, Tennessee, Confederate Cemetery

In the cemetery north of the road are buried Confederate soldiers of the Army of Tennessee, who fell while opposing the advance of Rosecrans’ Army of the Cumberland through Liberty Gap and Guy’s Gap, in late June, 1863. Also buried here are soldiers of Forrest’s Cavalry, killed in minor operations.
Full citation

1864

Sally Wendel Fentress of Hardeman County writes in her diary: “During this long delay in writing we have seen troubles and joys rise and fall successively. General Forrest’s entrance into to our little village flushed with victory. His retreat causing sadness to fall upon every body’s spirit. He was in the yard during the whole skirmish. Bullets were whizzing above and below us, burying themselves in and burrowing the ground…. Houses, twenty three in number, were burnt, the stores were sacked, the merchants chests were blown and hammered to pieces. The Confederates went South and lately have had a large battle. It was victory, but oh so dearly bought…. Charlie Newly’s death was indeed a sad one. Idolized by his family, he was a gallant soldier, noble boy and a constant Christian.”

1861

The Tennessee General Assembly authorizes a draft of free black men into the Confederate army. Most free black men will manage to evade both the Confederate draft and the local sheriffs compelled to enforce it.

1862

Skirmish near Sparta.

1864

Lincoln signs a bill repealing the Fugitive Slave Law. Following several explosions which damaged trains carrying sick and wounded soldiers, Maj. Gen. Steedman at Chattanooga tightens the rules protecting railroads from attack – e.g., “all citizens, except Government employees, found within three miles of the railroad … after the 7th day of July, 1864, will be arrested and forwarded to these headquarters, to be tried before a Military Commission as spies.”

1861

The Memphis Avalanche reports that $2,000,000 has been offered by European buyers as an advance on the cotton crop, and that France and England will soon recognize the Confederacy.

1863

Skirmish at Fairfield; action at Shelbyville; Manchester is occupied by Union forces.

Tennessee Historical Marker (Bedford County), Shelbyville — 3G 6 — Army of the Cumberland — June 27, 1863

The Reserve Corps (Granger) moved south along this road, screened by the Army’s Cavalry (D.S. Stanley). Taking Guy’s Gap, against minor resistance, they pushed rapidly into Shelbyville, evacuated the same morning by the Corps of Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk, which withdrew to Tullahoma.

Tennessee Historical Marker (Bedford County), Shelbyville — 3G 22 —Confederate Cemetery

In the cemetery north of the road are buried Confederate soldiers of the Army of Tennessee, who fell while opposing the advance of Rosecrans’ Army of the Cumberland through Liberty Gap and Guy’s Gap, in late June, 1863. Also buried here are soldiers of Forrest’s Cavalry, killed in minor operations.

1864

Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia – Sherman, who could bypass Johnston’s position and move around it to the south, chooses instead to attack the center of the Confederate line. The Confederate defenses prove too strong to overcome, and Sherman withdraws. Union casualties are around 3,000 men, while the Confederates lose about 1,000 – this is one of the single bloodiest days in the Atlanta campaign.

1861

At the Greenville Convention, all East Tennessee counties except Rhea meet to petition the General Assembly to allow them to secede from the now- Confederate State of Tennessee and remain in the Union. Their request is denied.

1862

30th Illinois soldier writes from Jackson, Tenn., June 26th, 1862.

1863

Skirmish at Beech Grove. Buckner and Burnside meet at Big Creek Gap, in East Tennessee. Buckner retreats and Burnside falls back to cover Knoxville.

1862

June 25

Affair near La Fayette Station.

“I hope the time is not far distant, when I shall have the pleasure of seeing you and then I can and will talk to you (at the risk of my life) upon subjects, I am now prohibited from writing untill then I shall try to bear my fate with as much patience and for bearance as possible—I am perhaps unfortunately constituted—I am high tempered, I can be overpowered, but not conquered (so long as I am satisfied I am right) and when trampled upon, I am like a Texas Scorpion, I’ll sting if I can, such is as you know my nature, and I can’t help it—I wish I could. I think, however, I am willing to be governed by the Command laid down in the Book of Books, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. – Your Devoted Brother, N.F. Cheairs.” [Cheairs, N.F., letter to sister]

1863

June 25-27

Skirmishes at Fosterville and Guy’s Gap. The Army of the Cumberland has secured Hoover’s, Guy’s, and Liberty gaps. Now outflanked, Bragg withdraws.

[COPY] The following news release was originally released on June 15, 2011.

Most Tennesseans may not stop to reflect on the state’s role in the Civil War as they go about their daily lives, but now interactive technology coupled with extensive historical research can map out the battles that took place where present day grocery stores, schools and businesses stand.

The first of its kind in the nation, the Tennessee Civil War Geographic Information System (GIS) Survey shows hundreds of locations where Civil War battles, engagements, skirmishes and other military actions took place. The interactive GIS application for the Civil War in Tennessee is now available at: http://tnmap.tn.gov/civilwar/.

The web site allows modern aerial photography, street maps and land use maps to be overlaid onto sites where Civil War actions occurred in Tennessee. It also links narrative information about these events from the Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook. Complete accounts of all the state units that served in the war are searchable by county along with 1860 United States Census data.

The Tennessee Civil War Survey is a project of the Tennessee State Library and Archives (TSLA) and is funded by the American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) of the National Park Service. TSLA is a division of the Office of the Secretary of State.

“Learning about the Civil War is fundamental to understanding Tennessee history,” said Secretary of State Tre Hargett. “By linking information from the State Library and Archives with maps, Tennesseans can tour battlefields across the state without leaving their homes.”

Other TSLA materials used in the project include original documents, photos, historic maps and military unit histories by county of origin. The Tennessee Civil War GIS Survey builds on efforts of the Tennessee Civil War Preservation Association and the Tennessee Civil War National Heritage Area.

1861

Bishop Otey of Tennessee publishes his letter to Secretary Seward in the Memphis Appeal: Oh, Sir, speak but the words of gentleness and conciliation to your countrymen … and who knows but that God … by his mighty power [may] ‘still the noise of the waves and the madness of the people.’ Go to the President and urge him to desist from all hostile measures and efforts to compel an unwilling obedience to his Government.” Meanwhile an agent of the B&O Railroad the loss of 48 locomotives and even more gondolas and coal cars, which have been burned by rebel sympathizers in Baltimore.

1863

June 24

Skirmishes at Big Springs Branch and at and near Christiana.

June 24-26

Skirmishes at Hoover’s Gap.

Tennessee Historical Maker (Coffee County), Beech Grove — 18th Indiana Battery

Hoover’s Gap, TN, June 24, 1863. The 18th Indiana Battery, commanded by Capt. Eli Lilly, dislodged one Confederate artillery piece and forced the Confederate batteries to change position. The battery, along with Wilder’s Brigade, did considerable damage to the advancing Confederate infantry with double rounds of canister. This battle opened middle TN to the Union forces, resulting in the advance of the Union Army to Chattanooga and Georgia. The battery was formed in Indianapolis, IN.

Tennessee Historical Marker (Coffee County), Beech Grove — 2E 40 — Beech Grove Engagement

On June 24, 1863, Union forces under Rosecrans overpowered Confederate defenders on Hoover’s Gap, commanded by Stewart, Bate, and Bushrod Johnson. This was the beginning of Bragg’s withdrawal to Chattanooga. Unknown soldiers who fell in the battle are buried in the cemetery to the southeast.

June 24-27

Skirmish at Liberty Gap.

Tennessee Historical Marker (Coffee County), Beech Grove — 2E 24 — Army of the Cumberland — June 24-26, 1863

Reynolds’ Division of the XIV Corps forced Hoover’s Gap, driving a task force of Bate’s & Bushrod Johnson’s Brigades back to Fairfield, 5 mi. S.W., whence it had come. The XIV Corps reunited with other units of Rosecrans’ army at Manchester, thus getting in the Confederate rear and forcing Bragg’s withdrawal to Chattanooga.

1863

Rosecrans begins a campaign to maneuver Bragg out of Tennessee. Skirmish at Uniontown.

June 23-July 7

Tullahoma Campaign (also Middle Tennessee Campaign): the Union’s Army of the Cumberland, based in the area of Murfreesboro, Tennessee maneuvers the Confederate Army of Tennessee out of its positions just to the south, near Shelbyville and Wartrace, driving the Southern troops out of middle Tennessee completely and into a fortified garrison in Chattanooga. [http://mtsu32.mtsu.edu:11758/intro_main.html]

Tennessee Historical Marker, Army of Tennessee at Tullahoma

1864

Skirmish at Collierville; attack on a train at LaFayette.

1861

In a speech in Cincinnati Andrew Johnson reaffirms his loyalty to the Union: “I characterize session as an odious doctrine, a heresy, a political absurdity…. Where it is admitted, no government, political, moral, or religious, can stand. It is disintegrating in its nature, and a kind of universal solvent..”

1863

Skirmish at Powell Valley.

Governor Isham Harris’ Proclamation of the Confederate State Nominating Convention held in Winchester, Tennessee. [Read transcript]

Use the TN Civil War GIS Map with this site.


@TN_150th

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