1863

After a long siege, Confederates surrender Vicksburg to Ulysses S. Grant, thus securing the Mississippi River for the Union. Following the Confederate losses at Tullahoma, Vicksburg, and Gettysburg, many people mistakenly assume the war is nearly over. However, the South is more resilient and the Union less sound than many people believe. Nevertheless, this moment, with major Union wins at both Gettysburg and Vicksburg, is considered the turning point of the Civil War.

Skirmish near University Depot. Wheeler’s Cavalry at Sewanee covers Confederate retreat. Bragg’s Army of Tennessee reaches Chattanooga.

Tennessee Historical Marker (Bedford County), Wartrace — 3G 42 — Beechwood Plantation

The Beechwood Plantation house, which formerly stood at this site, was an important Confederate headquarters during the Tullahoma Campaign. It was built for Col. Andrew Erwin, Jr. and family in 1826. The Erwins, who were southern sympathizers, lavishly entertained local society and Confederate officers during the Civil War. In 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tennessee was camped along the Duck River line. Gen William J. Hardee camped at Wartrace and made Beechwood his headquarters. —  Map (db m25862)

Tennessee Historical Marker, Franklin County, Army of Tennessee, Sewannee – 2E 21

Here, and extending 2 miles S.W., occurred the last battle of the Middle Tennessee Campaign. Protecting Bragg’s withdrawal, Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, with Texas Rangers and the 4th Tenn. Cav., repulsed an attack by the 5th & 6th Ky. Cav., under Col. Lewis Watkins, screening advance of Rosecrans’ Union forces.

1864

Expedition from Memphis to Grand Gulf, Mississippi.

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