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Battle of Fishing Creek (also called the Battle of Mill Springs), KY. The Confederate advance under Felix Zollicoffer and George B. Crittenden is turned back by Geo. Thomas. Zollicoffer, a Maury County newspaper editor, wanders into the Union forces in the dark (wearing a white coat) and is killed. This is the second largest battle that will be fought in Kentucky – only Perryville in October will see more casualties. Thomas’s victory secures Union control of eastern KY.
The Bowling Green correspondent of the Nashville Union boldly conjectures that there will be no fighting in Kentucky in the near future. He believes that the Federal forces are insubstantial and that Crittenden’s troops are headed for their winter quarters
Maj. Gen. George Crittenden moves from Knoxville to join Zollicoffer in Kentucky, and Gen. Thomas moves in to sustain Boyle as he advances toward Zollicoffer.
Zollicoffer, entrenched about 40 miles north of the Tennessee border, on the “wrong” (unfordable) side of the Cumberland River, is facing a Federal force about 10,000 strong. Confederate reinforcements are said to be on their way.
[New York Times, p. 2]
Confederate troops in Greenville, TN, hang two East Tennesseans who were caught burning the Lick Creek bridge .
Martial law is declared in East Tennessee.
Gen. Zollicoffer continues to haunt the southern Kentucky border.
The Philadelphia Inquirer says that Union sympathizers in East Tennessee “have burned numbers of railroad bridges and telegraph wires to prevent the transportation of troops.” Parson Brownlow has been arrested and taken to Nashville to stand trial for treason against the Confederacy. The Tennessee Legislature authorizes Gov. Harris to seize all private arms and call 10,000 additional men into service
Jefferson Davis announces the release of Congressman Thomas A.R. Nelson in return for “satisfactory pledges to the authorities respecting his future conduct.” [Richmond Whig]
Meanwhile, General Zollicoffer issues orders to his troops to respect the personal and property rights of all citizens of East Tennessee, regardless of their political opinions. [New York Times, p. 3]
The Memphis Argus announces, “Yesterday Tennessee was admitted into The Confederacy. By proclamation of the President the Confederate laws are extended.” Tennessee takes control of the Nashville end of the L&N Railroad, to the great dismay of Kentuckians, who are now concerned about losing the entire railroad and all its rolling stock to the Confederacy.
“Railroads,” Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture.
General Braxton Bragg moves the Army of Tennessee by rail from Tupelo, Mississippi, to Chattanooga.
Skirmish at Boiling Fork near Winchester.
Skirmish near LaGrange.
At the Greenville Convention, all East Tennessee counties except Rhea meet to petition the General Assembly to allow them to secede from the now- Confederate State of Tennessee and remain in the Union. Their request is denied.
30th Illinois soldier writes from Jackson, Tenn., June 26th, 1862.
Skirmish at Beech Grove. Buckner and Burnside meet at Big Creek Gap, in East Tennessee. Buckner retreats and Burnside falls back to cover Knoxville.